Many jobs were created as railways and factories spread across America during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The industrialization of America sparked an influx of 14 million immigrants from 1860 to 1900. Rural residents, often poor and uneducated, moved to big cities in hopes of achieving prosperity . To earn a subsistence level of income, each family member often had to work.
Yohuru Williams, "Child Labor in the Industrial Revolution," History Channel, 2016.
"In 1900, 18 percent of all American workers were under the age of 16."
— History Channel 
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